AP World History Chapter Outline Index

Chapter 17 Outline – AP World History

Chapter 17 Summary   The rise of the West between the 15th and 18th centuries involved distant explorations and conquests resulting in a heightening and redefining of relationships among world societies. During the classical era, larger regional economies and culture zones had developed, as in the Chinese Middle Kingdom and the Mediterranean basin, but international exchanges were not of fundamental …

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Chapter 16 Outline – AP World History

Chapter Summary   By 1400 there was a shifting balance between world civilizations. The international role of the Islamic world, with the fall of the Abbasids and other Mongol disruptions, was in decline. The Ming dynasty of China attempted for a time to expand into the vacuum. The most dynamic contender was western Europe. The West was not a major …

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Chapter 15 Outline – AP World History

Chapter Summary   The nomads of central Asia during the 13th and 14th centuries returned to center stage in world history. The Mongols ended or interrupted the great postclassical empires while extending the world network of that era. Led by Chinggis Khan and his successors, they brought central Asia, China, Persia, Tibet, Iraq, Asia Minor, and southern Russia under their …

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Chapter 14 Outline – AP World History

Chapter Summary   The peoples on China’s borders naturally emulated their great neighbor. Japan borrowed heavily from China during the 5th and 6th centuries when it began forming its own civilization. To the north and west of China, nomadic peoples and Tibet also received influence. Vietnam and Korea were part of the Chinese sphere by the last centuries b.c.e. The …

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Chapter 13 Outline – AP World History

Chapter Summary   Basic themes of Chinese civilization underwent vital consolidation during the postclassical period. Although less fundamental innovation occurred than in the Middle East, the Americas, and Europe, important developments took place in technology. Political turmoil followed the fall of the Han, and the empire’s bureaucratic apparatus collapsed. The scholar-gentry class lost ground to landed families. Non-Chinese nomads ruled …

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Chapter 12 Outline – AP World History

Chapter Summary   By 1500, American societies incorporated both densely populated and lesser-inhabited regions, both long established in the New World. Columbus called the inhabitants Indians, but the American societies did not possess a common identity. The great diversity of cultures requires concentration upon a few major civilizations, the great imperial states of Mesoamerica (central Mexico) and the Andes, plus …

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Chapter 11 Outline – AP World History

  Chapter 11 Summary   The postclassical period in western Europe, known as the Middle Ages, stretches between the fall of the Roman Empire and the 15th century. Typical postclassical themes prevailed. Civilization spread gradually beyond the Mediterranean zone. Christian missionaries converted Europeans from polytheistic faiths. Medieval Europe participated in the emerging international community. New tools and crops expanded agricultural …

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Chapter 10 Outline – AP World History

Chapter 10 Summary   Civilization in Eastern Europe. In addition to the great civilizations of Asia and Africa forming during the postclassical period, two related, major civilizations formed in Europe. The Byzantine Empire, with its capital in the great city of Constantinople, was based in western Asia and southeastern Europe and expanded into eastern Europe. The other was defined by …

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Chapter 9 Outline – AP World History

Chapter 9 Summary   Africa below the Sahara for long periods had only limited contact with the civilizations of the Mediterranean and Asia. Between 800 and 1500 c.e., the frequency and intensity of exchanges increased, with Islam proving the major external contact. The spread of Islam in Africa linked its regions to the outside world through trade, religion, and politics. …

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Chapter 8 Outline – AP World History

Chapter 8 Summary   By the mid-9th century, the Abbasids were losing control over their vast Muslim empire. Despite the political decline, Islamic civilization reached new cultural heights, and Islam expanded widely in the Afro-Asian world through conquest and peaceful conversion. The extensive Islamic world stimulated the exchange of ideas and commodities among its peoples and neighbors.   The Islamic …

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