AP World History Chapter Outline Index

Chapter 27 Outline – AP World History

Chapter 27 Summary   China under the Qing dynasty in the 17th century enjoyed growth and prosperity and had the power to limit European intervention. The Ottomans, on the contrary, were then in full retreat. Russia and Austria seized territories, north African provinces broke away, and local leaders throughout the empire became more independent. Economic and social disruption accompanied the …

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Chapter 26 Outline – AP World History

Chapter 26 Summary   Most Latin American nations gained independence from colonial control early in the 19th century. The political culture of their leaders had been shaped by the Enlightenment, but they faced problems growing from their own history. Their colonial heritage did not include participatory government; highly centralized states had created both patterns of dependence and resentment. Class and …

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Chapter 25 Outline – AP World History

Chapter 25 Summary   Western European industrialization fundamentally altered the nature of European overseas expansion. In previous times, Europeans sought desired material goods or moved against threats from external enemies. Industrialization brought new motives for expansion. Raw materials were needed to fuel industrial growth, and markets were required for manufacturing. Christian missionaries sought converts, but private initiative replaced state direction. …

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Chapter 24 Outline – AP World History

Chapter 24 Summary   Western society was dominated by two themes: political upheaval, and the spread of Western institutions and values to settler societies. By 1914, monarchies had been overthrown, and parliamentary democracy expanded. More individuals voted. European settler societies became important international players in an altered world balance of power. Western society experienced dramatic cultural changes. The transformation can …

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Chapter 23 Outline – AP World History

Chapter 23 Summary   Vasco Da Gama’s voyage to India had opened the way to the East for Europeans, but its initial impact was greater for Europe than for Asia. Europeans had little to offer Asians in exchange for their desired products. Asians were not interested in converting to Christianity, and their states were too strong to be conquered. Asian …

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Chapter 22 Outline – AP World History

Chapter 22 Summary   The Mongol invasions of the 13th and 14th centuries destroyed theoretical Muslim unity. The Abbasid and many regional dynasties were crushed. Three new Muslim dynasties arose to bring a new flowering to Islamic civilization. The greatest, the Ottoman Empire, reached its peak in the 17th century; to the east, the Safavids ruled in Iran and Afghanistan, …

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Chapter 21 Outline – AP World History

Chapter 21 Summary   Although it altered power balances through Eurasia, the rise of the Russian Empire, unlike those of Western colonial empires, involved only limited commercial exchange. After freeing themselves from Mongol domination by 1480, the Russians pushed eastward. Some extension of territory also occurred in eastern Europe. Regional states, many differing from Russia, were present; Lithuania and Poland …

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Chapter 20 Outline – AP World History

Chapter 20 Summary   Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua. The wide-ranging life of Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua encapsulates the currents and issues of his time. From the town of Djougou, in the modern Benin republic in west Africa, Baquaqua was born in the early 1800s. As a war captive, he was enslaved by neighboring Africans and eventually sold into slavery abroad around 1845. …

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Chapter 19 Outline – AP World History

Chapter 19 Summary   The Spain’s and Portugal’s new Latin American empires, created through conquest and settlement, had a tremendous impact on indigenous Americans. Latin America became part of the world economy as a dependent region. The Iberians mixed with native populations and created new political and social forms. The resulting mixture of European, African, and Indian cultures created a …

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Chapter 18 Outline – AP World History

  Chapter 18 Summary   The core areas of Western civilization changed dramatically between 1450 and 1750. While remaining an agricultural society, the West became unusually active commercially and developed a strong manufacturing sector. Governments increased their powers. In intellectual life, science became the centerpiece for the first time in the history of any society. Ideas of the family and …

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